evidence-based blog of Filippo Dibari

Posts Tagged ‘nutrition transition’

World Bank: “The Double Burden of Malnutrition – A Review of Global Evidence”

In Over-nutrition, Under-nutrition on October 6, 2013 at 6:36 pm

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By Roger Shrimpton and Claudia Roks. WB – NP Discussion Paper Series, November 2012.

(download the book here for free – 74 pages)

Conclusions of the book (page 43; from the WB web site.):

  • “In the next two decades, most Low/Medium Income Countries (LMICs) due to their economic growth can expect rapidly increasing levels of adult overweight and obesity, which will produce an increased burden of insulin resistant diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
  • “In just a few decades, two-thirds of the global population will reside in the urban areas of the current LMICs.

Unless governments take urgent measures to prevent this dire chain of events by reducing their population’s exposure to energy dense processed foods or by increasing/facilitating access to “healthy diets,” and/or increasing exercise levels across the life course, the impact on future health expenditures will be crippling and unsustainable.

The State of Food and Agriculture 2013: Food systems for better nutrition

In Over-nutrition, Under-nutrition on June 4, 2013 at 8:19 pm

From the FAO web site.

Malnutrition in all its forms – undernutrition, micronutrient deficiencies, and overweight and obesity – imposes unacceptably high economic and social costs on countries at all income levels. Improving nutrition and reducing these costs requires a multisectoral approach that begins with food and agriculture and includes complementary interventions in public health and education. The traditional role of agriculture in producing food and generating income is fundamental, but the entire food system – from inputs and production, through processing, storage, transport and retailing, to consumption – can contribute much more to the eradication of malnutrition.

Agricultural policies and research must continue to support productivity growth for staple foods while paying greater attention to nutrient-dense foods and more sustainable production systems. Traditional and modern supply chains can enhance the availability of a variety of nutritious foods and reduce nutrient waste and losses. Governments, international organizations, the private sector and civil society can help consumers choose healthier diets, reduce waste and contribute to more sustainable use of resources by providing clear, accurate information and ensuring access to diverse and nutritious foods.

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