evidence-based blog of Filippo Dibari

Posts Tagged ‘overweight and obesity’

Chile declares war on junk food

In Over-nutrition on June 27, 2016 at 7:06 pm
Aljazeera – Politics & Law

02:22Jun 26, 2016

Chileans are ranked as the number one consumers of junk food. Chile is also in the top three in the world for obesity. Now government leaders are trying to change people’s poor eating habits by changing the law.

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Reaching the missing middle: Overcoming hunger and malnutrition in middle income countries

In Over-nutrition, Under-nutrition on April 23, 2015 at 7:00 am

by Shenggen Fan and Ertharin Cousin

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from WFP web site

(download entire document)

Hunger and malnutrition are not problems exclusive to low income countries.

That is why the international community cannot realise its ambitious international agenda of achieving zero hunger and malnutrition without a renewed focus on countries in economic transition where hunger and malnutrition remain.

The majority of the world’s hungry and malnourished population now live in Middle Income Countries (MICs).

For these countries to best fulfil their vital role in supporting zero hunger and malnutrition, they must promote effective country-led strategies that will reduce hunger and malnutrition at home.

Global Nutrition Report 2014

In Over-nutrition, Under-nutrition on November 18, 2014 at 4:19 pm

November 13, 2014 by

The first-ever Global Nutrition Report provides a comprehensive narrative and analysis on the state of the world’s nutrition.

Download the 2014 Global Nutrition Report

More information:

New on The Lancet: Maternal and Child Nutrition

In Over-nutrition, Under-nutrition on June 8, 2013 at 6:33 am

from The Lancet website – Published June 6, 2013

Executive summary

Maternal and child undernutrition was the subject of a Series of papers in The Lancet in 2008. Five years after the initial series, we re-evaluate the problems of maternal and child undernutrition and also examine the growing problems of overweight and obesity for women and children, and their consequences in low-income and middle-income countries. Many of these countries are said to have the double burden of malnutrition: continued stunting of growth and deficiencies of essential nutrients along with the emerging issue of obesity. We also assess national progress in nutrition programmes and international efforts toward previous recommendations. Read the entire Executive Summary here.

For more about this new Lancet Series click here.

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Obesity in sub-Saharan Africa: development of an ecological theoretical framework

In Over-nutrition on September 1, 2012 at 3:09 pm

Alison ScottChinwe Stella EjikemeEmmanuel Nii Clottey and Joy Goens Thomas

Health Promot. Int. (2012) – August 29, 2012

Abstract

The prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). There is a need for theoretical frameworks to catalyze further research and to inform the development of multi-level, context-appropriate interventions. In this commentary, we propose a preliminary ecological theoretical framework to conceptualize factors that contribute to increases in overweight and obesity in SSA. The framework is based on a Causality Continuum model [Coreil et al. Social and Behavioral Foundations of Public Health. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks] that considers distant, intermediate and proximate influences. The influences incorporated in the model include globalization and urbanization as distant factors; occupationsocial relationshipsbuilt environment andcultural perceptions of weight as intermediate factors and caloric intake, physical inactivity and genetics as proximate factors. The model illustrates the interaction of factors along a continuum, from the individual to the global marketplace, in shaping trends in overweight and obesity in SSA. The framework will be presented, each influence elucidated and implications for research and intervention development discussed. There is a tremendous need for further research on obesity in SSA. An improved evidence base will serve to validate and develop the proposed framework further.

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